کاربرد گرافن برای تولید انرژی پاک

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

چکیده

رشد روزافزون مصرف سوخت‌های فسیلی و محدود بودن آن و نگرانی‌های زیست‌محیطی ناشی از آن، باعث شده پژوهش‌های گسترده‌ای برای جایگزینی منابع جدید و پاک انرژی انجام شود؛ در سال‌های اخیر پژوهشگران به پیل‌های سوختی، سلول‌های خورشیدی، باتری‌های لیتیومی و زیست‌توده توجه بسیاری کرده‌اند. هرچند این روش‌ها معایبی دارد اما حضور نانوفناوری، تأثیر قابل توجهی در از میان بردن نقایص آن‌ها داشته است. گرافن به عنوان یک نانوساختار کربنی دوبعدی که در آن اتم‌های کربن به صورت شبکه شش‌ضلعی با پیوندهای کووالانسی کنار یکدیگر قرار گرفته‌، به دلیل ویژگی‌های منحصربه فرد الکتریکی، حرارتی، شیمیایی، مکانیکی و مساحت سطح بالا و چگالی کم، اثر شگرفی در بهبود کارکرد پیل‌های سوختی، سلول‌های خورشیدی، باتری‌های لیتیومی و زیست‌توده داشته است. به علت اهمیت این موضوع، در این مقاله بر گرافن و کاربردهای آن در انرژی‌های پاک پرداخته شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of Graphene for Producing of Clean Energy

نویسندگان [English]

  • M. Daraee
  • S. Sadeghhassani
  • L. Samiee
چکیده [English]

The increasing consumption of fossil fuels and limited resources and the environmental problems cause to carry out extensive research on the replacement of new and clean energy resources. In recent years, researchers have focused on fuel cells, solar cells, lithium batteries and biomass as a clean energy reserves. Although these methods have disadvantages but the using of nanotechnology lead to solve significant drawback of these techniques. Graphene, as a carbon nanostructure, is a two-dimensional substance with hexagonal network and covalent bonds have unique properties including high electrical, mechanical, thermal, chemical, surface area and low density. These wonderful properties lead to graphene is considered as a good candidate in fuel cell, solar cell, ion battery and bio mass. Due to the importance of this issue, this paper reviews the graphene and its applications in clean energies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • graphene
  • Clean Energy
  • Fuel cells
  • solar cells
  • Lithium Batteries
  • Biomass

 

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