کاتالیزگر نانو زیرکونیا سولفوریک اسید به‌عنوان کاتالیزور قابل بازیافت در همنهشت مواد رنگزای آزو بر پایۀ زانتن‌ها و هیدروکسی کومارین‌ها

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار شیمی، دانشگاه پیام نور

چکیده

در دهه­های اخیر، شیمی رنگ­های آلی پیشرفت زیادی کرده که دلیل آن کاربرد رنگ­ها در زمینه­های مختلف مانند دستگاه­های الکترونیکی، اپتیک­های خطی و غیر خطی، چاپ و تکثیر، حسگرها و کاربردهای زیست‌پزشکی است. در تحقیق حاضر، همنهشت مواد رنگزای آزو بر پایۀ نفتول‌ها، زانتن‌ها و هیدروکسی کومارین‌ها در حضور کاتالیست نانو زیرکونیا سولفوریک اسید بررسی شده است. پرهیز از به‌کارگیری حلال‌های مضر برای محیط زیست، شرایط ملایم، سرعت بالا و زمان کوتاه واکنش، سادگی روند جداسازی محصولات، بازده و خلوص بالای مشتقات همنهشت‌شده از برتری‌ها‌ی روش ارائه‌شده است. هم‌چنین کاتالیزور قابل بازیافت بود و در پنج مرحله به کار رفت. روش انتخاب‌شده برای همنهشت مواد رنگزا در حضور کاتالیست زیرکونیا سولفوریک اسید برای تمام مشتقات با گروه‌های الکترون‌دهنده و الکترون‌کشنده با بازده خوب قابل انجام است(98-88%). همان‌طور که در جدول‌های (9-7) دیده شده این پژوهش در مقایسه با روش‌های قبلی با بازده بالاتر و زمان کوتاه‌تر انجام شده است. ساختار ترکیبات همنهشت شده با مقایسۀ خواص فیزیکی آن‌ها با مقادیر گزارش شدۀ قبل و به کمک داده‌های طیف‌سنجی زیر قرمز و 1HNMR تعیین شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Synthesis of Azo Dyes Based on Naphthols, Xanthenes, and Hydroxy Coumarins in the Presence of Nano-ZrO2-SO3H

نویسنده [English]

  • B. Baghernejad
B. Baghernejad
چکیده [English]

In recent decades, organic dye chemistry has advanced greatly due to the use of dyes in various fields such as electronic devices, linear and nonlinear optics, printing and duplication, sensors and biomedical applications. In the present study, the synthesis of azo dyes based on naphthols, xanthenes and hydroxy coumarins in the presence of nano-ZrO2-SO3H catalyst was investigated. Avoid harmful solvents for the environment, mild conditions, high speed and short reaction time, simplicity of working up process; high efficiency and purity of the synthesized derivatives and recoverable catalyst utilization were the advantages of the proposed method. The structure of the synthesized compounds was determined by comparing their physical properties with reported and using IR and HNMR spectroscopy data.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Synthesis of Azo Dye Nano-Zro2-SO3H
  • Naphthol
  • Xanthen
  • Coumarin
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