مروری بر جاذب‌های استحصال یون لیتیم از منابع محلول با غلظت کم

نویسندگان

پژوهشگاه شیمی و مهندسی شیمی ایران

چکیده

به دلیل کاربرد لیتیم در صنایع مختلف تقاضا برای آن افزایش یافته است. آب دریا منبع بزرگی از لیتیم است ولی غلظت لیتیم در آن بسیار پایین است. روش‌های متداول جداسازی در چنین غلظت‌های اندک کارایی لازم را ندارد. تحقیقات اخیر نشان داده
روش جذب تطبیق داده شده برای استخراج لیتیم از آب دریا و شورابه‌های با غلظت کم امیدوارکننده است. چالش‌های مهم استفاده از جاذب‌های یون لیتیم در عملیات صنعتی شامل استفاده زیاد از محلول، افت فشار در جذب، بازیافت دشوار جاذب‌های پودری و عملکرد احیاء ضعیف است. برای حل این مشکلات جاذب‌های پودری را با اصلاح سطح، افزودن قابلیت جداسازی مغناطیسی و تهیه کامپوزیت برای کاربرد صنعتی آماده می‌سازند. در این مقاله، مروری بر جاذب‌های متداول یون لیتیم شامل انواع غربال‌های یونی،
کرون اتر، کربن فعال، زئولیت و کلرید هیدرواکسید دوگانه آلومینیم لیتیم لایه‌ای و پارامترهای تاثیر گذار روی جذب لیتیم انجام گرفته است. همچنین روش‌هایی که در کاربردهای عملی موجب بهبود عملکرد هر یک از جاذب‌ها می‌شود بیان شده است.

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