مروری بر فرایند تولید پوسال‌: چالش‌ها و چشم‌اندازها

نوع مقاله: مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

پژوهشگاه مواد و انرژی

چکیده

در سال‌های اخیر فرایند تولید پوسال (کمپوست) به یک فرایند دوستدار محیط‌زیست و جایگزینی پایدار برای مدیریت و بازیافت پسماند‌های آلی تبدیل شده‌است. هدف از این فرایند دست‌یافتن به محصولی آلی به نام پوسال است که به‌عنوان کود و اصلاح‌کنندۀ آلی در موارد کشاورزی کاربرد دارد. پوسال برتری‌های زیست‌محیطی، اقتصادی و کشاورزی بسیاری دارد که در این‌مطالعه به برجسته‌ترین آنها پرداخته می‌شود. عوامل تأثیرگذار بر فرایند از جمله دما، نسبت کربن به نیتروژن، مقدار رطوبت، میزان هوادهی و pH به تفصیل مرور شده‌اند. هم‌چنین، راهبردهایی برای بهسازی عملکرد فرایند مرور می‌شوند. پراکنش بو و زمان نسبتاً بالای مورد نیاز برای برداشت محصولی با کیفیت، از چالش‌های این فرایند به‌شمار می‌رود که رویکردهای پیشنهاد شده برای مواجهه و رفع این چالش‌ها در این مقاله ذکر می‌شوند. در پایان نیز نحوۀ استانداردسازی پوسال تولیدی بیان می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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